In this issue:

Job market improvement is confirmed

• The increase of employees was recorded on a cyclical basis (+ 1.2% in the first quarter of 2017) and trend (+ 2.7%).

• Increase in fixed-term positions (+ 14.6% vs. -0.2% of the undetermined)

• Growth in employment is widespread among sectors with agricultural values higher than average  (+ 4.2%) and industry (+ 2.9%); lower value in services (+ 2.5%) and construction (+ 1.2%). Made in Italy grew by 4.4% with the fashion industry reaching +7.0%. Tourist services are the highest growth (+ 10.1%)

• From a territorial point of view, the trend is positive everywhere but with different intensity: Tuscany (+ 3.7%), central areas (+ 2.5%), South Tuscany (+ 2.0%), internal areas (+ 1.1%)

• Between April and June 2017 both, the number of unemployed (-17.0%) and the unemployment rate, decrease (7.5%)

• Decrease authorized integration hours

• Growth in the number of employed in the region driven by the increase in occupied women (+ 2.4%)

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In-depth analysis: The times of (re) entry into employment.

The availability of labor market data allows to analyze the phenomenon of unemployment from a dynamic point of view, looking at times and ways of re-use. In particular, the Job Information System (Sistema Informativo Lavoro) contains information on both, the enrollment and then exit from the administrative unemployment as well as about the cessation and start-ups of employment relationships.

An analysis of the unemployed in administration in 2009-2013 shows higher reuse rates for unemployed people with previous work experience than the ones seeking first employment who suffer from a gap in skills-related skills on the job. Among the unemployed who have lost a job, however, middle agers have higher and faster rates of reintegration; young people, even if previously employed, continue to suffer from lack of experience with older mature colleagues, while over55 are penalized by inadequate skills or outdated professional profiles. Finally, the probability of re-employment is higher for graduates and for those coming from the agricultural or public sector, while for jobless people with a career in construction the starting rates are considerably lower.

Jobs restarted at work appear mostly in continuity with previous work experience; in fact, most of the unemployed continue to work with the same contractual type and in the same professional position.

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Author: IRPET - Regione Toscana Labour Area